Emissions, levels and risks (WP2)

Improved knowledge on consumption, emissions, environmental levels and risks associated with pharmaceuticals.

1. Sources and environmental levels of pharmaceuticals


  • Increase knowledge about sources, pathways and occurrence of pharmaceuticals


  • Case studies in selected river basin districts
  • Mapping of human and veterinary consumption; emissions from wastewater treatment plants, manufacturing facilities, hospitals, fish and livestock farms; environmental levels
  • Literature studies and chemical analyses

2. Environmental risk assessment of pharmaceuticals


  • Estimate environmental risks of active pharmaceutical ingredients in the Baltic Sea Region
  • Point out the most environmentally risky compounds


  • Assessing consumption and occurrence data from previous part of the Work package
  • Screening of ecotoxicity data
  • New ecotoxicity testing when considered necessary

3. Upscaling of screening data to Baltic Sea region


  • Increase knowledge about the overall emissions and concentrations of selected pharmaceuticals in the Baltic Sea Region
  • Indicate areas with the highest pharmaceutical concentrations and possible emission hot spots


  • Using a GIS-based calculation system and available data from each participating country
  • Estimating loads and concentrations

4. Output

  • Comprehensive status report on pharmaceuticals in the Baltic Sea Region

WP2 leader: Helene Ek-Henning, County Administrative Board of Östergötland (CAB)



  • County Administrative Board of Östergötland (CAB)
  • Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)
  • Finnish Medicines Agency (Fimea)
  • Estonian Environmental Research Centre (EERC)
  • Estonian Waterworks Association (EVEL)
  • Berlin Centre of Competence for Water (KWB)
  • German Association for Water, Wastewater and Waste (DWA)
  • Institute of Environmental Protection – National Research Institute (IOS)
  • Latvian Institute of Aquatic Ecology (LIAE)
  • Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (LEGMC)
Published 2017-12-14 at 13:59, updated 2018-04-26 at 16:28
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